of 17 groups of speleologists will participate in the
exploration of the deepest cave of Andalucía, 1,101 deep
Consejería de Turismo,
Comercio y Deporte will sponsor, through Deporte Andaluz, the Campaing of
Exploration of the bottom of GESM 2005, which is organized by the Andalucian
Federation of Speleology. The sponsorship is up to 8,000 euros, a 25% of the
budget for the exploration campaign, in which 17 groups of speleologists will
participate, under the coordination of Interclub Sierra de las Nieves and the
Andalucian Federation of Speleology.
The bottom of GESM is located
at the municipal border of Tolox (Málaga), in the natural park of Sierra de
las Nieves, and it is the deepest of Andalucía with 1,101 meters. In its
interior there is a vertical wall of 161 meters, called ´Paco De la Torre´
well, one of the deepest in Spain (experts compare 1,000 meters in speleology
is equivalent to 8,000 in mountain climbing) and 3,506 long.
It was discovered in 1971 by
the Subterranean Exploration Group of Málaga, and since then numerous national
and international explorations have taken place there, which have made
possible to get to the edge of Lake Ere, in a siphon where the water
Recently a new way has been
found, called ´Lateral Way´, which climbs up to 628 meters and there is hope
that one could get to 1,300 meters deep from there and connect to Aire pit,
which would make this one of the most important speleological systems of the
Since the cave was
discovered, many speleologists have gone through it. The first pit was 1,000
meters deep, explored by Spaniards, in the moment of its discovery, when it
was ranked the 4th deepest cave in the world.
It was here where speleology
had its evolution in Andalucía, from the heavy climbing with steel cables to
the Alpine technique. This cavity is mythical nationally and
internationally. Its entrance is in ´Hoyos del Pilar´, Sierra de las Nieves,
some 1,690 meters above sea level.
A permit from the park is
needed for the entrance, and also good knowledge of Alpine progression,
because there are a lot of curious people who begin going down and have to
quit, because of its difficulty.
The planned schedule for the
Exploration Campaign of 2005:
February. Election of the participants (20 Andalucian speleologists).
March and April. Presentation of the event to the speleological
public. Acquisition of qualified technical materials.
- May. Reception of
materials and communications tests. Preparation meetings between
- June. Parchase of
camping and food materials.
- July and August.
Presentation to the media and the actual event.
- September. Report
Translated from Spanish by
Digital Altimeter, Barometer, Compass and Thermometer. Time/Date/Alarms.
Chronograph with 24 hour working range. Timer with stop, repeat and up
function. Rotating Bezel. Leveling bubble. Carabiner latch. E.L. 3 second
backlight. Water resistant. 4" x 2-1/4" x 3/4" 2 oz. Requires 1 CR2032
See more here.